A lot of people all around the world are now looking at a little french comic newspaper – and totally misinterpret the jokes.
Last week in France, 17 people were killed because some idiots misunderstood some cartoons.
And after that, a lot of people around the world started to tell what they tought about the same cartoons. And a lot of them were saying « #JeSuisCharlie, but… ».
« …. Charlie Hebdo is a racist, xenophobic, homophobic newspaper. »
Is it true? Absolutly not.
What is Charlie Hebdo?
Charlie Hebdo is indeed walking a very thin line. What they are doing is extremist satire. It’s not new in France, we have had this kind of newspapers for centuries. Sometimes it is so satiristic that it is no longer funny. Sometimes it is hilarious. All the time, it is courageous, because people want to kill them for what they are doing.
But Charlie Hebdo and Charlie’s catoonists has never been racist, or xenophobic, or homophobic.
Why do they target religions so much (all religions, and especially christianism)? Most of Charlie Hebdo’s cartoonists were and are anarchists, or have left-wing ideas. They believe that there is no god, and they believe in their right to say so, and they believe it is important to say so, and that it is needed to say so. Why? Because religions are still, nowadays, very important in everyone’s life, even in France. Religious views and morals still impregnate how we think about death and life, about abortion, about woman’s place in the society, about homosexualty, about so much things.
I wanted to debunk a few things about Charlie Hebdo, to try to explain why this people where doing that kind of cartoons, why they will carry one, and why some of you around the world will never understand why what they do is funny, even if you try with all your hearth. (And as it happen, other already did it for me, with better english and a lot of details. You can find greats and very argumented analysis here, and another here.)
Humour, a very volatil thing
So, are Charlie Hebdo’s cartoons racists and xenophobics? No, definitly no.
But to fully understand them, you have to know a lot of things. You have to follow french news, and to know a lot of things about French culture. You have to know that the people drawing the cartoon are anti-racism militants, and that even when they seem to draw something racist, it’s actually exactly the opposite that you are supposed to understand.
And humour is a volatil thing. A cartoon may seem simple, but you need a lot of things to understand humour, as you can see if you cliked on the first link above (here it is, again http://www.understandingcharliehebdo.com/ ).
So let’s try something stupid: let’s try to explain humor
Two month ago, I talked with Daniel Goossens. He is a french cartoonist, who got the Grand Prix de la ville d’Angoulême, one of the Nobel of graphism and comic arts. But he is more renowen than known, because he favor a very specific kind of absurd humour that not a lot of people like or understand. And he happened to be, also, a scientist specialized in Artificial Intelligence. We where at a french Sci-fi convention, and I asked him if one day, computer would be able to undestand a comic cartoon.
« Never », he answered. « Because humor is beyond common sens. You need a lot of things to understand a cartoon or a joke. And most of all, you need common sens. It’s what computer and artifical intelligence will never have. To understand the problem in the sentence « How old was Raimbaud » or a joke like « this museum got the real skull of mozart when he was young », you need common sens and knowledge that you do not even realise you got. »
He gave me, as an exemple, this Gary Larson cartoon:
Let’s try to explain, here why this is funny, and what you need to know to understand that this is funny, and how the most innocent cartoon can become a racist cartoon ont the other side of the world.
I’m not american. After a few researchs, I suppose that, for an american, this cartoon is funny because it’s a reference to the TV commercials for Daim, or other products, or because this sentence is now a kind of slogan even if no one remember where it come from.
So you saw it, and you laughted, your head full of references and images of eskimo pie and eskimau peoples. You laughted at the homonymie, you laugthed because it reminded you of advertising campain on the TV, you laughted because it is funny.
But to understand why it’s funny, you need to know things about polar bears, about ice floe, about Inuit’s life, about modern food in western land, about commercials pop culture.
And peraphs you did not know that « eskimau/eskimo » is considered to be a racist word by inuit people.
So, is this cartoon racist? You choose. I don’t think so. But peraphs an inuit will think otherwise.
French humor for french peoples
I think only french people who read a lot of french newspapers and follow french political life can fully understand Charlie Hebdo humor. It’s like South Park: as a french, I can undersand some of their jokes – but never all of them.
Understanding a cartoon can be easy, but understanding Charlie Hebdo cartoon can be very difficult. You need to know who the cartoonist is, what he thinks, when he drew it, why he drew it, for whom he drew it.
Charlie Hebdo cartoonists are aware of that. In 2011, I did an interview with Luz (one of the survivor of Charlie Hebdo, who drew this week cover). We were talking about « Charlie Hebdo’s 1000 covers », a big book were you can find the covers from the last 20 years (inluding this 20 religiously incorrects covers that I uploaded three years ago, after Charlie Hebdo fire-bobming, as a proof that Charlie Hebdo is not specificly against muslims, but rather against all organized religions). And Luz said:
« (In this book), you can find some covers which seems a little strange, maybe impossible to understand today. Even for me. »
These cartoonists are (or were, for those who are now dead…) anarchists and anti-racists, and they were drewing cartoons in a print weekly newspaper, for leftist and anti-racists and anarchists french readers. There cartoons were never meant for pakistanis, malaysians or americans people.
If you are not a french leftist and an anarchist, peraphs you can’t understand that. Peraphs that their cartoons offends you.
But you know what? If that’s the case, then you were never supposed to look at them.
Communicating with everyone, but laughting with no one?
Charlie Hebdo is a french newspaper for french reader. It was not aiming for an international audience. For a very long time it did not had a website. Charlie Hebdo usually sold between 30,000 and 50,000 copy a week. That not a lot. That was not enought to sustain them. They needed money. And not a lot of people where willing to gave them this money, because they were not a lot of people interested by the kind of humor that they did.
Charlie Hebdo is doing jokes for friends, the kind of jokes you do only when you are among friends who can take the joke. As one of our top french humorist once said, « We can laught about everything, but not with everyone ». The problem, now, is that we live in a world where we are in communication with everyone. So does that mean we cannot laught about anything?
That would be the saddest of thing.
À propos de l'auteur de cet article
Thierry Soulard est journaliste indépendant, et passionné par les relations entre l'art et les nouvelles technologies. Il a travaillé notamment pour Ouest-France et pour La Nouvelle République du Centre-Ouest, et à vécu en Chine et en Malaisie. De temps en temps il écrit aussi des fictions (et il arrive même qu'elles soient publiés dans Lanfeust Mag, ou dans des anthologies comme "Tombé les voiles", éditions Le Grimoire).En savoir